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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Abel, F.-M. (1949), Les livres des Maccabées (Paris: Gabalda).

Bar-Kochva, B. (1975), ‘Hellenistic Warfare in Jonathan's Campaign Near Azotos’, Scripta Classica Israelica, 2: 83–96.

———(1989), Judas Maccabaeus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

———(1998), ‘The Description of the Battle of Beth-Zacharia: Literary Fiction or Historical Fact?’, Cathedra, 86: 7–22 (Heb.).

Bickerman, E. (1937), Der Gott der Makkabäer (Berlin: Schocken).

———(1951), ‘Les Maccabées de Malalas’, Byzantion, 21: 63–84.

———(1968), Chronology of the Ancient World (London: Thames & Hudson).

———(1979), The God of the Maccabees (Leiden: Brill).

Dancy, J. C. (1954), Commentary on First Maccabees (Oxford: Blackwell).

Davies, P. (1977), ‘Hasidim in the Maccabean Period’, JJS 28: 127–40.

Dimant, D. (1988), ‘Use and Interpretation of Mikra in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha’, in J. Moulder (ed.), Mikra (Assen: Van Gorcum), 379–419.

Fischer, T. (1992), ‘Tryphons verfehlter Sieg von Dor?’, ZPE 93: 29–30.

Galil, G. (1992), ‘Parathon, Timnatha and the Fortifications of Bacchides’, Cathedra, 63: 22–30 (Heb.).

Gera, D. (1985), ‘Tryphon's Sling Bullet from Dor’, IEJ 35: 153–63.

———(1990), ‘On the Credibility of the History of the Tobiads’, in A. Kasher, U. Rappaport, and G. Fuks (eds.), Greece and Rome in Eretz Israel (Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zwi), 21–38.

———(1996), ‘The Battle of Beth Zacharia and Greek Literature’, in I. Gafni et al. (eds.), Studies in Memory of Menahem Stern, 25–53 (Heb.).

Goldstein, J. A. (1975), ‘The Hasmoneans: The Dynasty of God's Resisters’, HTR 68: 53–8.

———(1976), I Maccabees, AB (New York: Doubleday).

Goodman, M. D., and Holladay, A. J. (1986), ‘Religious Scruples in Ancient Warfare’, CQ 36: 151–71.

Grabbe, L. J. (1991), ‘Maccabean Chronology, 167–164 or 168–165 BCE’, JBL 110: 59–74.

Gruen, E. S. (1984), The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome (2 vols.; Berkeley: University of California Press).

Habicht, C. (1976), ‘Royal Documents in Maccabees II’, HSCP 80: 1–18.

Hengel, M. (1974), Judaism and Hellenism (2 vols.; London: SCM).

Holladay, C. R. (1983), Fragments from Hellenistic Jewish Authors (Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press).

Houghton, A. (1992), ‘The Revolt of Tryphon and the Accession of Antiochus VI at Apamea’, RSN (=SNR) 71: 119–41.

———and G. le Rider (1985), ‘Le deuxième filo d'Antiochos IV à Ptolémaïs’, RSN 64: 73–85.

Isaac, B. (1991) ‘A Seleucid Inscription from Jamnia-on-the-Sea: Antiochus V Eupator and the Sidonians’, IEJ 41: 132–44.

Johns, A. F. (1963), ‘The Military Strategy of Sabbath Attacks on the Jews’, VT 13: 482–6.

Kasher, A. (1988), Jews, Idumeans and Ancient Arabs (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck]).

Kloner, A., Regev, D., and Rappaport, U. (1992), ‘A Hellenistic Burial Cave in the Judean shephela’, Atiqot, 21: 27*–50* (Heb. with Eng. summary, 175–7).

le Rider, G. (1965), Suse sous les Séleucides et les Parthes (Paris: P. Geuthner).

———(1993), ‘Les ressources financières de Séleucos IV et le paiement de l'indemnité aux Romains’, in M. Price et al. (eds.), Essays in Honour of R. Carson and K. Jenkins (London: Spink), 49–67.

Martola, N. (1984), Capture and Liberation (Åbo: Åbo Akademi).

Meshorer, Y. (1990–1), ‘Ancient Jewish Coinage: Addendum I’, INJ 11: 104–33.

Millar, F. (1993), The Roman Near East 31BC–AD337 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press).

Momigliano, A. (1976), ‘The Date of the First Book of Maccabees’, L'Italie préromaine et la Rome républicaine, Mélanges J. Heurgon (Rome:), 657–61.

Mørkholm, O. (1989), ‘Antiochus IV’, The Cambridge History of Judaism, ii. 278–91.

Murphy O'Connor, J. (1976), ‘Demetrius I and the Teacher of Righteousness, I Macc., X, 25–45’, RB 93: 400–20.

Naveh, J. (1968), ‘The Dated Coins of Alexander Janneus’, IEJ 18: 20–6.

Oren, E. D., and Rappaport, U. (1984), ‘The Necropolis of Maresha-Beit Govrin’, IEJ 34: 114–53.

Peters, J. P., and Thiersch, H. (1905), Painted Tombs in the Necropolis of Marissa (London: Palestine Exploration Fund).

Rappaport, U. (1968), ‘La Judée et Rome pendant le règne d'Alexandre Jannée’, REJ 127: 329–45.

———(1970), ‘Gaza and Ascalon in the Persian and Hellenistic Periods in Relation to their Coins’, IEJ 20: 75–80.

———(1976), ‘The Emergence of Hasmonean Coinage’, AJS Review, 1: 171–86.

———(1980), ‘Notes on Antiochus' Persecutions as Reflected in the Book of Daniel’, in B. Bar-Kochva (ed.), The Seleucid Period in Eretz-Israel (Tel-Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad) (Heb.).

———(1993), ‘The Hellenistic World as Seen by the Book of Daniel’, RASHI: Hommage à E. E. Urbach (Paris:), 71–9.

———(1995a), ‘The Samaritans in the Hellenistic Period’, in A. D. Crown and L. Davey (eds.), New Samaritan Studies: Essays in Honour of G. D. Sixdenier (Sydney: Mandelbaum Publishing), 281–8.

———(1995b), ‘The Extradition Clause in I Maccabees 15: 21’, in K. van Lerberghe and A. Schoors (eds.), Immigration and Emigration in the Ancient Near East: Festschrift für E. Lipinski (Leuven: Peeters), 271–83.

———Pastor, J., and Rimon, O. (1994), ‘Land, Society and Culture in Judea’, Transeuphratène, 7: 73–82.

Rheinold, M. (1970), History of Purple as a Status Symbol in Antiquity (Brussels: Collection Latomus).

Rowley, H. H. (1953), ‘Menelaus and the Abomination of Desolation’, Studia orientalia J. Pedersen dedicata (Copenhagen: E. Munksgaard), 303–15.

Schalit, A. (1969), König Herodes, der Mann und sein Werk (Berlin: de Gruyter).

Schmidt, F. (1994), La Pensée du Temple de Jérusalem à Qoumrân (Paris: Éditions du Seuil).

Schürer, E. (1973–87), The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (3 vols.; Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark).

Schwartz, D. R. (1992), ‘On Pharisaic Opposition to the Hasmonean Monarchy’, in Studies on the Jewish Background of Christianity (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]).

———(1994), ‘Hasidim in 1 Maccabees 2:42 ?’, SCI 13: 7–18.

Schwartz, J., and Spanier, J. (1991), ‘On Mattathias and the Desert of Samaria’, RB 98: 252–71.

Schwartz, S. (1991), ‘Israel and the Nations Roundabout: 1 Maccabees and the Hasmonean Expansion’, JJS 42: 16–38.

Shatzman, I. (1991), The Armies of the Hasmoneans and Herod (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]).

———(forthcoming) The Hasmoneans in Greco-Roman Historiography and Jewish Sources.

Sherk, A. K. (1969), Roman Documents from the Greek East (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

Stern, M. (1974–84), Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism (3 vols.; Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities).

Stern, M. (1981), ‘Judea and her Neighbors in the Days of Alexander Jannaeus’, Jerusalem Cathedra, 1: 22–46.

Tcherikover, V. (1959), Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society), 189–222.

Williams, O. S. (1999), The Structure of Maccabees (Washington, DC: CBQ).

Wise, M. O. (1990), ‘A Note on the “Three Days” of 1 Maccabees X. 34’, VT 40: 116–22.

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