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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.



Andreasen, N.-E. A. (1972), The Old Testament Sabbath, SBL Dissertation 7 (Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press).

Blenkinsopp, J. (1996), ‘An Assessment of the Alleged Pre-Exilic Date of the Priestly Material in the Pentateuch’, ZAW 108: 495–518.

Bloch-Smith, E. (1992), Judahite Burial Practices and Beliefs about the Dead, JSOTSup 123; JSOT/ASOR MS, 7 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Childs, B. S. (1979), Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture (Philadelphia: Fortress).

Cross, F. M. (1947), ‘The Priestly Tabernacle’, BA 10: 45–68 (= BAR 1: 201–28).

Damrosch, D. (1987), ‘Leviticus’, in R. Alter and F. Kermode (eds.), The Literary Guide to the Bible (London: Collins), 66–77.

Day, J. (1989), Molech: A God of Human Sacrifice in the Old Testament, University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, 41 (Cambridge University Press).

Douglas, M. (1966), Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).

———(1993), ‘The Forbidden Animals in Leviticus’, JSOT 59: 3–23.

Elliger, K. (1966), Leviticus, HAT 4 (Tübingen: Mohr [Siebeck]).

Finkelstein, J. J. (1961), ‘Amisaduqa's Edict and the Babylonian “Law Codes”’, JCS 15: 91–104.

Gennep, A. van (1960), The Rites of Passage (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).

Gerstenberger, E. S. (1993), Das dritte Buch Mose: Leviticus, ATD 6 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht); ET Leviticus: A Commentary, OTL, tr. Douglas W. Stott (London: SCM; Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 1996).

Gorman, F. H., Jr. (1990), The Ideology of Ritual: Space, Time and Status in the Priestly Theology, JSOTSup 91 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Grabbe, L. L. (1987), ‘The Scapegoat Ritual: A Study in Early Jewish Interpretation’, JSJ 18: 152–67.

———(1991), ‘Maccabean Chronology: 167–164 or 168–165 BCE?’ JBL 110: 59–74.

———(1992), Judaism from Cyrus to Hadrian, i. Persian and Greek Periods; ii. Roman Period (Minneapolis: Fortress); British edn. in one vol. (London: SCM, 1994).

———(1993), Leviticus, SOTS, Old Testament Guides (Sheffield: JSOT).

———(1995), Priests, Prophets, Diviners, Sages: A Socio-Historical Study of Religious Specialists in Ancient Israel (Valley Forge, Pa.: Trinity Int.).

———(ed.) (1997), Can a History of Israel Be Written? JSOTSup 245 = European Seminar in Historical Methodology, 1 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

———(2000), Judaic Religion in the Second Temple Period: Belief and Practice from the Exile to Yavneh (London: Routledge).

Haran, M. (1962), ‘Shilo and Jerusalem: The Origin of the Priestly Tradition in the Pentateuch’, JBL 81: 14–24.

———(1978), Temples and Temple-Service in Ancient Israel (Oxford: Clarendon).

Hartley, J. E. (1992), Leviticus, WBC 4 (Dallas: Word Books).

Hecht, R. (1979–80), ‘Patterns of Exegesis in Philo's Interpretation of Leviticus’, Studia Philonica, 6: 77–155.

Heider, G. C. (1985), The Cult of Molek: A Reassessment, JSOTSup 43 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Houston, W. (1993), Purity and Monotheism: Clean and Unclean Animals in Biblical Law, JSOTSup 140 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Hübner, U. (1989), ‘Schweine, Schweineknochen und ein Speiseverbot im Alten Israel’, VT 39: 225–36.

Hurvitz, A. (1982), A Linguistic Study of the Relationship between the Priestly Source and the Book of Ezekiel: A New Approach to an Old Problem, Cahiers de la Revue Biblique, 20 (Paris: Gabalda).

———(1988), ‘Dating the Priestly Source in Light of the Historical Study of Biblical Hebrew: A Century after Wellhausen’, ZAW 100 Suppl., 88–100.

Janowski, B. and Wilhelm, G. (1993), ‘Der Bock, der die Sünden hinausträgt: Zur Religionsgeschichte des Azazel-Ritus Lev 16,10.21 f’, in Bernd Janowski, Klaus Koch, and Gernot Wilhelm (eds.), Religionsgeschichtliche Beziehungen zwischen Kleinasien, Nordsyrien und dem Alten Testament: Internationales Symposion Hamburg 17.–21. März 1990, OBO 129 (Fribourg: Universitätsverlag; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck 69.

Jenson, P. P. (1992), Graded Holiness: A Key to the Priestly Conception of the World, JSOTSup 106 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

Kellermann, D. (1977), ‘᾽āshām’, TDOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans), i. 429–37.

Kilian, R. (1963), Literarkritische und formgeschichtliche Untersuchung des Heiligkeitsgesetzes, BBB 19 (Bonn: Peter Hanstein).

Kirschner, R. (1982–3), ‘Rabbinic and Philonic Exegesis of the Nadab and Abihu Incident (Lev. 10:1–6 )’, JQR 73: 375–93.

Kiuchi, N. (1987), The Purification Offering in the Priestly Literature: Its Meaning and Function, JSOTSup 56 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Knierim, R. P. (1992), Text and Concept in Leviticus 1:1–9: A Case in Exegetical Method, FAT 2 (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]).

Knohl, I. (1987), ‘The Priestly Torah Versus the Holiness School: Sabbath and the Festivals’, HUCA 58: 65–117.

———(1995), The Sanctuary of Silence: The Priestly Torah and the Holiness School (Minneapolis: Fortress).

Koch, K. (1959), Die Priesterschrift von Exodus 25 bis Leviticus 16: Eine überlieferungsgeschichtliche und literarische Untersuchung, FRLANT 71 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

Lemche, N. P. (1976), ‘The Manumission of Slaves—the Fallow Year—the Sabbatical Year—the Jobel Year’, VT 26: 38–59.

Lemche, N. P. (1979), ‘Andurārum and Mīšarum: Comments on the Problem of Social Edicts and their Application in the Ancient Near East’, JNES 38: 11–22.

———(1985), Early Israel: Anthropological and Historical Studies on the Israelite Society before the Monarchy, VTSup 37 (Leiden: Brill).

———(1991), The Canaanites and Their Land: The Tradition of the Canaanites, JSOTSup 110 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press).

———(1993), ‘The Old Testament—a Hellenistic Book’, SJOT7:163–93.

Levine, B. A. (1974), In the Presence of the Lord: A Study of Cult and Some Cultic Terms in Ancient Israel, SJLA 5 (Leiden: Brill).

Lewy, H. (1958), ‘The Biblical Institution of D e rôr in the Light of Akkadian Documents’, EI 5: 21*–31*.

McCarthy, D. J. (1978), Treaty and Covenant, 2nd edn., AnBib 21A (Rome: Biblical Institute).

Marx, A. (1989), ‘Sacrifice pour les péchés ou rites de passage? Quelques réflexions sur la fonction du, ḥaṭṭā᾽t’, RB 96: 27–48.

———(1994), Les Offrandes végétales dans l'Ancien Testament: Du tribut d'hommage au repas eschatologique, VTSup 57 (Leiden: Brill).

Milgrom, J. (1976), Cult and Conscience: The ASHAM and the Priestly Doctrine of Repentance (Leiden: Brill).

———(1991), Leviticus 1–16, AB 3 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday).

———(1992), ‘Priestly (“P”) Source’, ABD v. 454–61.

Morgenstern, J. (1955), ‘The Decalogue of the Holiness Code’, HUCA 26: 1–27.

Newsom, C. A., and Ringe, S. H. (eds.) (1992), The Women's Bible Commentary (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox; London: SPCK).

Noth, M. (1977), Leviticus: A Commentary, OTL, rev. trans. (London: SCM).

Porter, J. R. (1976), Leviticus, Cambridge Bible Commentary on the New English Bible (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Rattray, S. (1987), ‘Marriage Rules, Kinship Terms and Family Structure in the Bible’, Society of Biblical Literature Abstracts and Seminar Papers, 26, ed. K. Richards (Atlanta: Scholars Press), 537–44.

Rendtorff, R. (1963), Die Gesetze in der Priesterschrift: Eine gattungs-geschichtliche Untersuchung, 2nd edn. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht).

———(1982–95), Leviticus, BKAT 3 (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Reventlow, H. G. (1961), Das Heiligkeitsgesetz formgeschichtlich untersucht, WMANT (Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag).

Schüssler Fiorenza, E. (ed.) (1994a), with the assistance of S. Matthews, Searching the Scriptures, i. A Feminist Introduction (London: SCM).

———(1994b), with the assistance of A. Brock and S. Matthews, Searching the Scriptures ii. A Feminist Commentary (London: SCM).

Schmidt, B. B. (1994), Israel's Beneficent Dead: Ancestor Cult and Necromancy in Ancient Israelite Religion and Tradition, FAT 11 (Tübingen: Mohr[Siebeck]).

Schwartz, B. J. (1991), ‘The Prohibitions Concerning the “Eating” of Blood in Leviticus 17’, in G. A. Anderson and S. M. Olyan (eds.), Priesthood and Cult in Ancient Israel, JSOTSup 125 (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 34–66.

Shafer, B. E. (1976), ‘Sabbath’, IDBSup 760–2.

Wegner, J. R. (1992), ‘Leviticus’, in C. A. Newsom and S. H. Ringe (eds.), The Women's Bible Commentary (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox; London: SPCK), 36–44.

Wenham, G. J. (1979), The Book of Leviticus, NICOT (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans).

Whybray, R. N. (1987), The Making of the Pentateuch: A Methodological Study, JSOTSup 53 (Sheffield: JSOT).

Wiseman, D. J. (1958), ‘The Vassal-Treaties of Esarhaddon’, Iraq 20, Part 1.

Wright, D. P. (1987), The Disposal of Impurity: Elimination Rites in the Bible and in Hittite and Mesopotamian Literature, SBL Dissertation, 101 (Atlanta: Scholars Press).

Zevit, Z. (1982), ‘Converging Lines of Evidence Bearing on the Date of P’, ZAW 94: 481–511.

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