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The Oxford Bible Commentary Line-by-line commentary for the New Revised Standard Version Bible.

Canon and Text.

1.

At least one Christian theologian, Theodore of Mopsuestia, questioned the authority of the book of Job, and Job's historicity was called into question in a rabbinic tractate (B. Bat. 15a). The exact position of the book of Job in the canon was a matter of dispute. Jewish tradition designates the two different views by acrostic abbreviations, ᾽mt (truth) for Job (᾽iyyôb), Proverbs (mišlê) and Psalms (těhillîm) and t᾽m (twin) for the sequence Psalms, Job, and Proverbs.

2.

The Greek text of the book of Job, much shorter than the Hebrew, often amounts to a paraphrase. It shows definite theological bias at a few places, e.g. the repointing of a negative particle in 13:15 to affirm trust in God when confronted with the prospect of death at the hand of the deity (Pope 1973: 95–6). The Targum of Job from Qumran has the same disorder in chs. 24–7 as that in the MT. Surprisingly, the Targum seems to conclude the book at 42:11 instead of 42:17 .

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