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The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies Provides a comprehensive survey of Biblical scholarship in a variety of disciplines.

Psalm 151

The canonical Hebrew Psalter contains 150 psalms, but both at Qumran and in early Christianity additional psalms were found. Psalm 151 is preserved in the Greek Septuagint, but is related to two separate Hebrew psalms found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, known as Psalms 151A and 151B. Psalm 151A describes in the first person David's youth as a shepherd, his praise of God, and how he was chosen from his brothers and anointed as ruler of his people. 151B is more fragmentary, but speaks of David's encounter with Goliath. Both depend on details in 1 Samuel 15–18 and some Hebrew superscriptions of canonical psalms that refer to David. The type of Hebrew used is quite late, so the psalms could have been written as late as the first century BCE. The superscription to the Greek Psalm 151 indicates that early on it was recognized as being outside the main collection of 150. The Hebrew version is longer, but there is disagreement over whether it represents a reworking of a shorter original composition (see Smith 1997 and Haran 1988), or whether the Greek is based on an abbreviated form. Since the Greek cannot be easily understood without the Hebrew, the latter seems more likely.

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