We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The Access Bible New Revised Standard Bible, written and edited with first-time Bible readers in mind.

Related Content

Commentary on Ruth

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text Commentary side-by-side

1.1–5 :

Famine and death.

1 :

When the judges ruled sets the story of Ruth before the rise of kingship, when charismatic leaders led Israel against its foes. The book of Judges portrays this period as one of instability, when faithfulness to God led to success, but idolatry * led to failure (see Judg 3.10 ). When, ironically, * Bethlehem (literally “house of bread”) becomes a place of famine, a man, his wife, and his two sons move to Moab, a suspect place in biblical tradition (Gen 19.37; Deut 23.3 ).

2 :

Elimelech: “My god is king.” The rhyming names Mahlon and Chilion mean “weakness” and “consumption.” Ephrathites: Elsewhere, Ephratha is linked with Bethlehem (Mic 5.2; 1 Sam 17.12 ) and may refer to the large clan * in which Bethlehem was located.

3 :

In a sudden reversal, Naomi takes center stage. Elimelech (now called Naomi's husband) dies and, after ten years, so do Mahlon and Chilion, leaving Naomi without her husband and her two sons.

1.6–22 :

Two return to Bethlehem. Naomi decides to return to Bethlehem (reversing Elimelech's decision to go to Moab). Her impassioned speech assumes that if she cannot offer Orpah and Ruth husbands then they have no future with her.

8–14 :

Told to return to the house of their mothers (“house of the father” is more common), Orpah obeys Naomi, but Ruth clings to her (in Gen 1.24 , this verb describes marital union).

16–17 :

Ruth's beautiful poem of loyalty states her willingness to exchange her gods, family, and land in order to be with Naomi. May the LORD do thus and so is a typical oath formula.

19–22 :

Naomi's silence, her insistence on being called Mara (“bitter”) upon her entry into Bethlehem, and her reference to returning empty indicate that Naomi is not initially comforted by the presence of her Moabite daughter-in-law.

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2017. All Rights Reserved. Privacy policy and legal notice