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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on The Acts of the Apostles

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27.1–44 : Shipwreck.

A dangerous winter voyage ends in shipwreck.

1 :

The “we” passages ( 16.10n. ) resume here. The Augustan Cohort, a unit of this name was stationed in Syria in the first century.

2 :

Adramyttium, a seaport south of Troas ( 16.8 ). Aristarchus, 19.29; 20.4 . Thessalonica, 17.1n.

3 :

Sidon, a Phoenician seaport, north of Tyre. Julius treated Paul kindly, compare the centurions of Lk 7.1–10; 23.47 ; and of course Cornelius ( 10.1–2n. ). Friends, i.e., Christians.

4 :

Under the lee of Cyprus, apparently north of the island.

5–6 :

Myra on the southern coast of Asia Minor was a regular stage in the route of Egyptian grain ships bound for Italy (see v. 38 ).

7 :

Cnidus, on the mainland northwest of Rhodes. Under the lee of Crete, to its south for shelter from the wind; Salmone is at the northeast tip of the island.

8 :

Fair Havens, a bay on the southern coast of Crete. Lasea, a city somewhat inland and east of Fair Havens.

9 :

Sailing was … dangerous after September and ceased from mid‐November until mid‐March. The Fast, the Day of Atonement, in September or October.

16 :

Cauda, south of Crete. The ship's boat (see vv. 30–32 ) was in tow.

17 :

The measures undertaken by the crew are not clear. The Syrtis, a dangerous shoal west of Cyrene on the north coast of Africa. Sea anchor, a conjecture for the Gk word meaning “vessel” or “implement,” i.e., a device to slow the ship.

18 :

Jon 1.5 ; and numerous Greco‐Roman parallels (e.g., Josephus, War 1.280 ).

22 :

Cf. v. 10 .

24 :

23.11; 25.11–12 .

27 :

The sea of Adria then included the central Mediterranean.

30 :

Escape of the crew is a popular motif found in Greco‐Roman novels.

35–36 :

He took bread, gave thanks, and broke it, cf. Lk 22.19; 24.30,35 (see 2.42n. ). The meal in which all partake has clear eucharistic overtones.

37 :

Two hundred seventy‐six people on board is quite possible.

41 :

A reef, Gk “a place of two seas.”

42 :

The soldiers were responsible for the prisoners (see 12.19; 16.27 ).

43 :

The “good” centurion intervenes (see 3n.; 10.1n. ).

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