A dangerous winter voyage ends in shipwreck.
The “we” passages (
) resume here. The Augustan Cohort, a unit of this name was stationed in Syria in the first century.
Adramyttium, a seaport south of Troas (
Sidon, a Phoenician seaport, north of Tyre. Julius treated Paul kindly, compare the centurions of Lk 7.1–10; 23.47
; and of course Cornelius (
). Friends, i.e., Christians.
Under the lee of Cyprus, apparently north of the island.
Myra on the southern coast of Asia Minor was a regular stage in the route of Egyptian grain ships bound for Italy (see v. 38
Cnidus, on the mainland northwest of Rhodes. Under the lee of Crete, to its south for shelter from the wind;
Salmone is at the northeast tip of the island.
Fair Havens, a bay on the southern coast of Crete. Lasea, a city somewhat inland and east of Fair Havens.
Sailing was … dangerous after September and ceased from mid‐November until mid‐March. The Fast, the Day of Atonement, in September or October.
Cauda, south of Crete. The ship's boat (see vv. 30–32
) was in tow.
The measures undertaken by the crew are not clear. The Syrtis, a dangerous shoal west of Cyrene on the north coast of Africa. Sea anchor, a conjecture for the Gk word meaning “vessel” or “implement,” i.e., a device to slow the ship.
; and numerous Greco‐Roman parallels (e.g., Josephus, War
Cf. v. 10
The sea of Adria then included the central Mediterranean.
Escape of the crew is a popular motif found in Greco‐Roman novels.
He took bread, gave thanks, and broke it,
cf. Lk 22.19; 24.30,35 (see 2.42n.
). The meal in which all partake has clear eucharistic overtones.
Two hundred seventy‐six people on board is quite possible.
A reef, Gk “a place of two seas.”
The soldiers were responsible for the prisoners (see 12.19; 16.27
The “good” centurion intervenes (see 3n.; 10.1n.
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