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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on 2 Chronicles

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12.1–16 : National decline and a reprieve.

After a short recovery ( 11.1–23 ), Rehoboam and Judah abandon the law of the Lord and Egypt invades (cf. 1 Kings 14.25 ). The outlines of the Egyptian invasion are found in 1 Kings 14.25–28 , but the Chronicler has elaborated them significantly, especially in his addition of v. 1 , which suggests that the invasion was punishment for apostasy.

2 :

Shishak (Shoshenq I) ruled Egypt 945–924 BCE.

3 :

Sukkiim, unknown.

5 :

The prophet's speech, like many other biblical texts, invokes the principle of measure for measure: Those who abandon God will be abandoned by God.

6–8 :

Because of their repentance (cf. 11.1–4 ), Rehoboam and the people stave off complete disaster. Hence, Rehoboam is the first of many kings to benefit from God's promises in response to Solomon's Temple prayer ( 7.12–15 ).

13–16 :

Cf. 1 Kings 14.21–24,29–31 .

15 :

Iddo, see 9.29n.

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