Paul answers charges that he has been enriching himself through the collection (chs 8–9
Third visit (also v. 21; 13.1
), see 2.1n.
for the “painful visit,” Paul's second to Corinth. I will not be a burden,
Parents, for Paul as father to his converts, see 11.2
(You say) … I took you in by deceit, some Corinthians evidently accused Paul of skimming the collection funds.
Titus was sent to oversee the collection in
8.6,16,23; see also 2.13n.
It is uncertain whether the brother is to be identified with one of the “brothers” in
. Paul mentions these people probably as witnesses; see 13.1
Paul warns the Corinthians to repent before his third visit.
Building you up,
see 10.8; 13.10
Catalogue of vices, see Rom 1.29–31; 13.13; 1 Cor 5.10–11; 6.9–10; Gal 5.19–21
Ironic use of humble: Paul fears God might humiliate him before the Corinthians, only because he might mourn for their unrepented sins. See 14–19n
Previously mentioned themes are collected to issue a severe warning of harsh discipline.
Third visit, see 12.14n.
“Any … witnesses,”
Christ … is not weak… but powerful, the weakness powerful paradox summarized. See 10.1n.
Strong warning while away, so that Paul will not have toresort to severe discipline, is precisely what the opponents accused Paul of doing (
). Paul reminds the Corinthians that this is so for the purpose of building up, not tearing down;
see 10.8; 12.19
see Rom 16.16; 1 Cor 16.20; 1 Thess 5.26
A full triadic benediction found nowhere else in the Pauline letters.
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