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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on 2 Corinthians

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8.1–9.15 : The collection for the Jerusalem church

was meant not only to bring relief to its economic plight but also to show unity between it and the welltodo, urban, largely Gentile churches in the Diaspora; see Gal 2.10; 1 Cor 16.1–4; Rom 15.25–27 . Some have taken chs 8 and 9 as two separate letters to two different regions in Achaia; see 9.2n.

8.1–24 : Letter of appeal to the Corinthians for the collection.

1–7 :

The Macedonian churches as an example of generosity.

1 :

Grace (Gk “charis”), used ten times in chs 8–9 to describe the collection, translated in 8.4 as “privilege”; in 8.6,7,19 as “generous undertaking”; in 8.9 as “generous act”; in 8.16 as “thanks”; in 9.8 as “blessing”; in 9.15 as “thanks.” Other words used in this connection: “bountiful” (Gk “eulogia”): 9.5 “bountiful gift” and “voluntary gift”; 9.6 twice; “ministry” (Gk “leitourgia”): 9.12 ; “sharing” (Gk “koinonia”): 8.4; 9.13 . This attests to the rich theological significance Paul attaches to the collection. Macedonia, see 1.16n. Paul principally has the Philippian and Thessalonian churches in mind; but see 9.2 .

2 :

Severe ordeal, possibly the same event as in Phil 1.29–30 .

4 :

Sharing (Gk “koinonia”), usedhere to describe the collection (as also in 9.13 and Rom 15.26 ), is a rich Pauline word referring also to participation in the Eucharist (1 Cor 10.16 ) and in Christ's suffering (Phil 3.10 ); see 8.1n. Saints, here and in 9.1,12 , refers to the Jerusalem believers.

6 :

Titus, see 2.13n.; 8.16–24 .

8–15 :

There should be a fair balance between those who have more and those who have less.

9 :

Though he was rich, … he became poor, see Phil 2.6–8 .

15 :

“The one … too little,” Ex 16.18 .

16–24 :

The sending of Titus and two brothers (vv. 18,22–23 ) who remain nameless.

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