We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Select Bible Use this Lookup to open a specific Bible and passage. Start here to select a Bible.
Make selected Bible the default for Lookup tool.
Book: Ch.V. Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
:
OR
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result

The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

Related Content

Commentary on Hosea

Previous
Jump to: Select book from A-Z list, enter chapter and verse number, and click "Go."
Next
Text Commentary side-by-side
Commentary spanning earlier chapters

1.2–2.1 : Hosea's marriage to Gomer, and the birth, naming, and renaming of their children as prophetic signs.

The marital states of Jeremiah (Jer 16.1–2 ) and Ezekiel (Ezek 24 ) also took on prophetic significance; Isaiah gave children symbolic names (Isa 7.3,10,14; 8.1,3 ).

1.2 :

Wife of whoredom, a promiscuous woman. Children of whoredom, children born of promiscuity.

4–8 :

Birth of three children, each with symbolic names.

4 :

Jezreel (“God sows”), the site where Jehu's bloody coup d'etat began (2 Kings 9–10 ). House of Jehu, the Israelite dynasty founded by Jehu in 842 BCE extended for a century, ending with Jeroboam II.

6 :

Loruhamah, “Not loved;” cf. Ezek 16.4–5.

7 :

Judah, Hosea's prophecies, originally addressed to Israel (Ephraim), were subsequently extended to the Southern Kingdom, whether by the prophet or later followers.

8 :

Weaned the child, probably at age three (1 Sam 1.22; 2 Chr 31.16 ).

9 :

Loammi, “No‐kin‐of‐mine.” I am not your God can also be read, “I am not I AM” (see note d), as if God now withdraws the intimacy extended to Moses through revelation of the divine name (Ex 3.14 ).

1.10–2.1 :

Jezreel's exaltation ( 1.11 ) and the renaming of Lo‐ruhamah ( 2.1 , Ruhamah, “Loved”) and Lo‐ammi ( 2.1 , Ammi, “My‐kin”) signal restoration.

1.10 :

For the sand of the sea, see the divine promise to Abraham (Gen 22.17 ) and Jacob (Gen 32.12 ); cf. Gen 15.5; 16.10; 1 Kings 3.8 .

2.2–23 : A prophetic speech based on the preceding sign‐acts.

Israel wrongly attributed its agricultural fertility to Baal, a Canaanite god. For this infidelity, the LORD first initiates divorce against Israel, the promiscuous wife; then promises a rebetrothal.

2 :

Plead with, take legal action against.

3 :

Ezekiel 16 expands this image.

4 :

No pity, a pun on Lo‐ruhamah.

5 :

My lovers, foreign gods. Wool and … flax, pastoral and agricultural products, respectively, used for clothing.

8 :

The LORD, not Baal, is Israel's benefactor.

11 :

The seasonal agricultural festivals (Ex 34.21–24 ) and the customary occasions for worship (Num 29.6; Ex 20.8 ) were now diluted by elements of Baalism.

13 :

Offered incense, incense itself was a lawful Israelite element of worship (Ex 30.7–8 ) but here, unlawfully, it is offered to other gods (cf. 1 Kings 22.44; Isa 65.3 ). Decked herself, cf. Isa 3.16–22 .

14 :

Allure her, courtship language. The wilderness signifies Israel's early years after the Exodus, remembered here, in terms of the marital metaphor, as a honeymoon (Jer 2.2 ). The wilderness can also be a place of judgment (Ezek 20.33–38 ). In both cases, the wilderness is a place for transformation.

15 :

Achor, a site just east of the Dead Sea where Israel got into “trouble” (the meaning of “Achor”) soon after leaving the wilderness (Josh 7.22–26 ).

16 :

My Baal, in secular usage, “baal” could also mean “husband.” In this word play, Israel is to address the LORD as “husband” (Heb “՚ish”), not as “husband” (Heb “baal”).

18 :

Animals, birds …, creeping things, the phrases recall Gen 1.27–31 and suggest a return to a state of blessing. See also Lev 26.6 .

20 :

You shall know, “knowledge” implies covenant faithfulness and, in terms of the marital metaphor employed, intimacy.

20–23 :

A conclusion to chs 1–2 : The renaming of the children (see 1.4,6,9n.; 2.1n. ) follows the rebetrothal of the LORD and Israel.

21–22 :

Human faithfulness (or lack thereof) to the LORD has implications for the natural world.

23 :

Cf. Ex 6.7; Lev 26.12 .

  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Look It Up Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Next Result
Oxford University Press

© 2020. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice