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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Malachi

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Commentary spanning earlier chapters

3.13–4.3 : The righteous and wicked receive their just deserts.

3.14 :

Isa 58.3 .

15 :

Cf. 2.17; Job 21.7–15 .

16 :

Unique in Malachi, this is a sentence of narration. Book, here the righteous constitute a select group (contrast with, e.g., Deut 7.6 ) whose identities are hidden in a heavenly scroll (Ex 32.32–34; Ps 69.28; 87.6; Isa 4.3; 65.6; Dan 7.10; 12.1; Rev 20.12; 21.27 ); see also Esth 2.23; 6.1–3 .

17 :

Special possession, Ex 19.5; Deut 7.6; Ps 135.4 .

4.1 :

Cf. 3.2–5 .

2 :

Sun … with healing in its wings, the image is the winged sun‐disk, a common motif in ancient Near Eastern art.

4.4–6 : Two appendices.

The first (v. 4 ) functions as a conclusion to the entire collection of prophetic writings which, in Hebrew, began with Joshua 1.1–2 (see my servant Moses there and here). The second (vv. 4–6 ) serves as a commentary on 3.1 .

4 :

Teaching, Heb “torah.” Horeb, alternate name for Sinai, the site of the giving of the law to Moses (Deut 5.1–3 ) and of a revelation to Elijah (1 Kings 19.1–18 ).

5–6 :

See 3.1n. For an expansion of this tradition in early Christian tradition, see Mt 11.7–15; 17.10–13; Mk 6.14–16; Lk 1.17; cf. Sir 48.10 .

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