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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary On The Second Letter Of Peter

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1.1–2 : Salutation,

see Rom 1.1–7n.

1 :

Simeon is Peter's Hebrew name transliterated into Greek.

1.3–11 :

Opening exhortation. The major themes of the letter are introduced: knowledge of God and of Jesus, effort (variously translated as “be eager,” “make every effort,” or “strive”), stability (confirm), godliness, corruption, lust, and remembering. The readers should escape from the corruption that is in the world because of lust (cf. 2.20 ) and enter into the eternal kingdom by means of the knowledge of God, the promises of God, and earnest moral striving.

4 :

The divine nature refers primarily to immortality, which is the opposite of corruption.

1.12–21 : Three solemn appeals.

The writer makes a solemn appeal to Peter's final words before his death, the Transfiguration of Jesus, and prophetic scripture to reinforce the reliability of the message.

12–15 :

The reference to Peter's death transforms the letter into a kind of testament in which the speaker gives ethical exhortations and warnings about the future based on his own past experience.

16–18 :

Peter's presence at the Transfiguration makes him an eyewitness of the voice from heaven, which confirms the apostolic testimony about Christ's power and coming (Mt 17.1–8; Mk 9.2–8; Lk 9.28–36 ). The wording of the heavenly voice differs slightly from that in the Gospels. The writer may be relying on oral tradition rather than a written gospel.

19 :

Morning star, see Rev 22.16 .

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