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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Philippians

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Commentary spanning earlier chapters

2.19–3.1a : Second example: Timothy and Epaphroditus.

19 :

Timothy, Acts 16.1–3; 1 Cor 16.10‐11 .

24 :

I trust … that I will also come soon, an argument against Rome as place of writing (see Rom 15.23–25 ).

25 :

Epaphroditus, apostle and coworker of Paul who brought the gift from Philippi ( 4.18 ), now being sent home.

3.1b–3 : A digression

about those who preach the necessity of circumcision, requiring Christians toobserve the laws of Judaism. They were Paul's bitter opponents elsewhere, especially in Galatia, and are introduced here as a negative example (cf. Gal 5.1‐12 ).

3 :

The flesh, emphasis on physical rituals.

3.4–4.1 : Third example: Paul himself.

5 :

Hebrew, a more preferred self‐designation than Jew, whichwas used more often by and for outsiders. Pharisee, member of the group most concerned with interpretation of the Jewish law.

6 :

A persecutor, Acts 9.1–2; 1 Cor 15.9; Gal 1.13 . As to righteousness under the law, blameless, Paul did not see himself as guilty or incomplete before his encounter with Christ.

8 :

Rubbish, or excrement.

9 :

The righteousness from God based on faith, a free gift bestowed by God through the grace of Christ (Rom 1.16–4.25 ).

10–11 :

Actually to know Christ as risen and living is to have power to suffer like him, and to possess the hope of rising and living with him.

12–14 :

The goal andthe prize, allusion to popular sports, the Greek foot races, their finishing post, and the award to the winner( see 2.16; 1 Cor 9.24–27 ).

18–19 :

Many live as enemies of the cross of Christ, presumably professing Christians who cannot accept Paul's cross theology.

20 :

Our citizenship, our ultimate political loyalty andreal homeland, contrasting with the status of most of the Philippians as Roman citizens.

21 :

Rom 8.23;1 Cor 15.47–57; 2 Cor 5.1–5; Col 3.1–4 .

1 :

1 Thess 2.19–20 . A crown was often awarded to the winnerof a race (see 3.12–14n.).

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