This psalm, probably postexilic, does not fit any standard category.
Where is their God? While Israel glorifies the divine name, the nations question God's effective presence (Ps 42.3; Ezek 36.22–32
Israel's answer to the mocking question of v. 2
The other gods are unreal, their worshipers as powerless as their idols (Deut 4.28; 2 Kings 17.15); cf. Ps 135.15–18
House of Aaron, the priestly leaders of the postexilic community.
You who fear the Lord, possibly proselytes in the community (Ezra 6.21; Neh 10.28
The creator gives the earth and its goods to all human beings, not to Israel alone.
The unconverted of the nations who do not acknowledge the LORD descend into the silence of the abode of the dead, Sheol (Ps 94.17
), while Israel continues its vocal praise of the LORD (Ps 30.12
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