The psalm is composed of a hymn of praise (vv. 1–5a
) and a divine oracle (vv. 5b–16
). The Gittith,
see Ps 8n.
Asaph, see Ps 73n.
The God of Jacob, repeated in v. 4
; this epithet, along with “Israel” (vv. 4,8,11,13
) and “Joseph” (v. 5
) indicate northern provenance (seven uses in all).
Our festal day, the festival of booths, when the law would be proclaimed (vv. 9–10
) and the covenant (“ordinance” in v. 4
) renewed. According to Lev 23.24
, the festival began at the full moon..
Salvation from slavery and oppression in Egypt (Ex 6.6–7
Ex 17.7; Num 20.13
The first commandment (Ex 20.1–2
) quoted in reverse order (There shall be no strange God … I am the Lord your God). Foreign god,
see Deut 32.12
God fills the mouths of the people with food (v. 16
The infidelity of the wilderness generation (Ps 78.17,40
), a warning to the psalmist's contemporaries.
Israel's obedience would mean victory over foes and agricultural bounty. Finest of the wheat,
Deut 32.14; Ps 147.14
. Honey from the rock,
see Deut 32.13
A psalm of trust.
The psalmist's faith, contrasted with idolaters who put their trust in false gods.
Holy ones, unclear; perhaps gods or deified ancestors.
The psalmist refuses to pour out libations of blood (of sacrificed animals) to other gods, or to invoke them in prayer.
The psalmist may be a priest (Num 18.20; Josh 18.7
Sheol, the abode of the dead, also called the Pit, is contrasted with the Temple, the path of life, where the psalmist can experience the divine presence (Ps 11.7
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