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The New Oxford Annotated Bible New Revised Standard Study Bible that provides essential scholarship and guidance for Bible readers.

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Commentary on Sirach

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Commentary spanning earlier chapters

44.1–50.24 : In praise of Israel's ancestors.

Ben Sira celebrates the covenant with the patriarchs and Israel by recounting the great figures of Israel's history ( 44.1–49.16 ), culminating in the high priest Simon II ( 50.1–24 ).

50.1–24 : Simon, son of Onias.

1 :

Simon II“the Just,” was high priest ca. 219–196 BCE (Josephus, Ant.12.4.10). Onias is the Greek form of Johanan. The house, of God.

11 :

Glorious robe, Ex 28.2–43; 39.1–31 .

16 :

Trumpets, Num 10.2; 31.6 .

18 :

Singers, 2 Chr 29.26–30 .

20 :

The blessing, namely Num 6.24–27 . His name, only the high priest (and only once a year, on the Day of Atonement) could utter the ineffable name, YHWH.

22–24 :

A concluding benediction.

24 :

Hebrew,“May his love abide upon Simeon, and may he keep in him the covenant of Phinehas; may one never be cut off from him; and as for his offspring, (may it be) as the days of heaven.”

50.25–26 : An invective

against Idumeans (Seir), pagans or Hellenists (Philistines), and Samaritans (Shechem).

50.27–29 : A postscript,

probably the author's original ending; he gives his full name and recommends this book.

27 :

Jesus son of Eleazar son of Sirach, in Hebrew, the name would probably be“Yeshua ben El‐azar ben Sira.”

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