There are traces of two traditions: one speaks of twelve stones to be set up at Gilgal (
), the other of twelve stones set up in the Jordan (
The Transjordanian tribes crossed first.
The first month was Abib (March–April), later called Nisan (Exod. 12.2 n.
). Gilgal was somewhere near Jericho; later it became an important sanctuary in the tribe of Benjamin (see 1 Sam. 11.15; 2 Sam. 19.15, 40
). Amos (
) and Hosea (
4.15; 9.15; 12.11
) spoke against the worship there.
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