Abraham's Sons by Keturah. 1 m 1–4; 1 Chr 1, 32f . *Abraham married another wife, whose name was Keturah. 2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah. 3Jokshan became the father of Sheba and Dedan. The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurim, the Letushim, and the Leummim. n Is 21, 13 . 4The descendants of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All of these were descendants of Keturah.

5Abraham deeded everything that he owned to his son Isaac. 6To his sons by concubinage, however, he made grants while he was still living, as he sent them away eastward, to the land of Kedem,* away from his son Isaac.

Death of Abraham. 7The whole span of Abraham's life was one hundred and seventy‐five years. 8Then he breathed his last, dying at a ripe old age, grown old after a full life; and he was taken to his kinsmen. 9 o 9f: Gn 23, 3–20 . His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, which faces Mamre, 10the field that Abraham had bought from the Hittites; there he was buried next to his wife Sarah. 11After the death of Abraham, God blessed his son Isaac, who made his home near Beer‐lahai‐roi.

Descendants of Ishmael. 12These are the descendants of Abraham's son Ishmael, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's slave, bore to Abraham. 13 p 13–16: 1 Chr 1, 29ff . These are the names of Ismael's sons, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth (Ishmael's first‐born), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, q Is 60, 7 . 14Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. 16These are the sons of Ishmael, their names by their villages and encampments; twelve chieftains of as many tribal groups. r Gn 17, 20 .

17The span of Ishmael's life was one hundred and thirty‐seven years. After he had breathed his last and died, he was taken to his kinsmen. 18The Ishmaelites ranged from Havilah‐by‐Shur, which is on the border of Egypt, all the way to Asshur; and each of them pitched camp* in opposition to his various kinsmen. s Gn 16, 12 .

Birth of Esau and Jacob. 19This is the family history of Isaac, son of Abraham; Abraham had begotten Isaac. 20Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddanaram and the sister of Laban the Aramean. t Gn 24, 66 . 21Isaac entreated the LORD on behalf of his wife, since she was sterile. The LORD heard his entreaty, and Rebekah became pregnant. 22But the children in her womb jostled each other so much that she exclaimed, “If this is to be so, what good will it do me!” She went to consult the LORD, 23and he answered her:

“Two nations are in your womb, two peoples are quarreling while still within you; But one shall surpass the other, and the older shall serve the younger.” u Gn 27, 29; Nm 24, 18; Mal 1, 2–5; Rom 9, 11f .

24When the time of her delivery came, there were twins in her womb. v Hos 12, 3 . 25The first to emerge was reddish,* and his whole body was like a hairy mantle; so they named him Esau. 26His brother came out next, gripping Esau's heel;* so they named him Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when they were born. w Mt 1, 2 .

27As the boys grew up, Esau became a skillful hunter, a man who lived in the open; whereas Jacob was a simple man, who kept to his tents. x Gn 27, 6f . 28Isaac preferred Esau, because he was fond of game; but Rebekah preferred Jacob. 29Once, when Jacob was cooking a stew, Esau came in from the open, famished. 30He said to Jacob, “Let me gulp down some of that red stuff;* I'm starving.” (That is why he was called Edom.) 31But Jacob replied, “First give me your birthright* in exchange for it.” y Dt 21, 17 . 32“Look,” said Esau, “I'm on the point of dying. What good will any birthright do me?” 33But Jacob insisted, “Swear to me first!” So he sold Jacob his birthright under oath. z Heb 12, 16 . 34Jacob then gave him some bread and the lentil stew; and Esau ate, drank, got up, and went his way. Esau cared little for his birthright.


m: 1–4; 1 Chr 1, 32f .

n: Is 21, 13 .

o: 9f: Gn 23, 3–20 .

p: 13–16: 1 Chr 1, 29ff .

q: Is 60, 7 .

r: Gn 17, 20 .

s: Gn 16, 12 .

t: Gn 24, 66 .

u: Gn 27, 29; Nm 24, 18; Mal 1, 2–5; Rom 9, 11f .

v: Hos 12, 3 .

w: Mt 1, 2 .

x: Gn 27, 6f .

y: Dt 21, 17 .

z: Heb 12, 16 .