From Greek archaggeloi, “chief angels” or “angels of high rank.” The plural form is not found in the Bible, but in Tobit 12.15, Raphael describes himself as “one of the seven angels who stand ready and enter before the glory of the Lord” (cf. Rev. 8.2). Further information concerning these seven angels is found in 1 Enoch 20, whose Greek version describes them as “archangels” and lists their names as follows: Uriel, Raphael, Raguel, Michael, Sariel, Gabriel, and Remiel, the last name probably corresponding to the “archangel Jeremiel” of 2 Esdras 4.36. In the New Testament there are two references to individual archangels: in 1 Thessalonians 4.16 the call of the (unnamed) archangel is to herald the Lord's return, and in Jude 9 reference is made to the archangel Michael's contending with the devil over the body of Moses. But the paucity of these scriptural references is in sharp contrast to the elaborately developed angelology of the later church fathers.

See Angels


William H. Barnes