(Map 1:Y1). The mountain that formed Israel's northern boundary (Deut. 4.48; Josh. 12.1). With an elevation of over 2,800 m (9,200 ft), it dominates the landscape of northern Galilee and is snow‐covered virtually year‐round. In antiquity it was apparently the home of lions and leopards (Song of Sol. 4.8). Its name means “set apart” (see Ban) and indicates its sacred character, suitable for a peak from whose base flow the sources of the Jordan River. Hermon was associated with the Canaanite god Baal (Judg. 3.3; 1 Chron. 5.23); just below it there is a later shrine to the Greek deity Pan (modern Banias), identified with Caesarea Philippi (Mark 8.27–33 par.). Some have proposed Mount Hermon as the setting for the transfiguration of Jesus (Mark 9.2–8 par.), although Tabor is the traditional location.

Michael D. Coogan