A son of Leah and Jacob and one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The name combines Hebrew words for “man” and “wages”; hence Leah's exclamation “God has given me my hire” (Gen. 30.18). The territory allotted to Issachar (Josh. 17.10; 19.17–23) lies in the plain of Jezreel (Map 3:X3). References to Issachar suggest close associations between it and Zebulun (Gen. 49.13–14; Deut. 33.18). Issachar, the probable home of Deborah, played an essential role in her campaign against Sisera (Judg. 5.15). The territory of Issachar was conquered by the Assyrians in 732 BCE.

Gary N. Knoppers