1. The name given to Jacob's second oldest son, born to Leah (Gen. 29.33). After the conquest, the tribe descended from Simeon was given territory in the south of Canaan, within the land later controlled by Judah (Josh. 19.1–9).

2. In the New Testament, Simeon is the name of a devout man, said to be waiting for the “consolation of Israel,” introduced by Luke (2.25–35). When he sees the infant Jesus being brought into the Temple, he gives praise for having seen God's salvation; his brief words are traditionally known by the first two words of the Latin translation, Nunc Dimittis. Simeon also informs Mary that Jesus' coming would have an impact on all of Israel and that she would suffer as well.

Daniel N. Schowalter