wife of the founder of the eighteenth dynasty, New Kingdom, Ahmose (r.1569–1545 BCE), and the mother of his son and successor, Amenhotpe I (r.1545–1525 BCE). She died at some point during the reign of Thutmose I (c.1525–1516 BCE). There are some indications that she played an important role in the succession from Amenhotpe I to Thutmose I, especially since the latter king was not related to the family that had founded the dynasty. Possibly, she had served some twenty years earlier as queen regent for Amenhotpe I after the death of her husband. She is known from various New Kingdom documents and representations; in particular, the text from a damaged stela discovered at Karnak recounts in considerable detail a formal transaction between her and King Ahmose.
Ahmose-Nefertari's mortuary temple is situated on the western bank of the Nile across from Thebes; however, it has all but vanished. Her probable tomb is not far away at Dra Abul Naga, and her sarcophagus and mummy were discovered hidden in an ancient cache of royal remains at Deir el-Bahri.
During the centuries after her death, Ahmose-Nefertari was usually represented in scenes with other members of the royal families of the New Kingdom—the so-called king lists. She was also frequently depicted with her son Amenhotpe I because of the reverence in which their memory was held by Egyptians in the area of the workers' village at Deir el-Medina, near the Valley of the Kings. The cult of the deified Amenhotpe I and that of his mother were very important there.
- Gitton, Michel. L'épouse du dieu Ahmes Néfertary. Paris, 1975. The principal study of the historical figure.
- Valbelle, Dominique. Les ouvriers de la tombe. Cairo, 1985. Provides a good overview of the workers' village at Deir el-Medina.
David A. Berg