fifth or sixth king of the nineteenth dynasty, New Kingdom. This pharoah, a son of Merenptah (r. 1237–1226 BCE), left as his most important monuments a three-chambered bark shrine just behind the first pylon at Karnak and a royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings (tomb 15). The exact chronological relationship of the reign of Sety II to that of Amenmesse is unclear; Amenmesse may have preceded Sety II, or he may have reigned independently in Upper Egypt and Nubia during Sety II's rule.
Sety II's principal wife was Tawosret. The extent to which she exercised actual authority during his reign is unknown, but it is plausibly conjectured that she governed Egypt as regent during the reign of Sety II's son Siptah, who died young, and she appears to have assumed sole power in Egypt after Siptah's death.
Aside from Sety II's monuments in Thebes, he is known from Hermopolis, and his reign apparently saw the production of Papyri Anastasi IV, V, and VI. Sety II's body was among those discovered in the royal mummy cache in the tomb of Amenhotpe II (of the eighteenth dynasty).
- Chevrier, Henri. Le temple reposoir de Séti II. Cairo, 1940.