(1862–1927),

eminent British archaeologist

of the Aegean and the ancient Near East. Hogarth's greatest contributions were made in investigations of Anatolia and ancient Hittite civilization and in illuminating relationships between Anatolia and its neighbors. His early career in Greece and the Greek islands included excavations in Cyprus, Melos, and Crete. Hogarth also worked briefly at Asyut in Egypt for the British Museum before turning to Anatolia, the region that was to hold his interest throughout his life. Hogarth proposed that Anatolia was the source of inspiration for early Greek art and religion. As an archaeologist, he is best known as the excavator of the Artemision at Ephesus and as the first excavator of the ancient city at Carchemish.

Hogarth belonged to a generation for which Arabic-language skills qualified a small number of scholars to serve Britain as diplomatic and military intelligence officers. During World War I, he headed the Arab Bureau in Cairo, where he found T. E. Lawrence (the so-called Lawrence of Arabia), his former Oxford protégé, a position in intelligence. Hogarth had also brought Lawrence to Carchemish. [See the biography of Lawrence.] After the war, Hogarth returned to Oxford to direct the Ashmolean Museum and to hold numerous public positions. His scholarly interests re-focused on Anatolia, and in 1920 he published a seminal work on Hittite seals.

Hogarth published over thirty books and numerous articles. He wrote on Anatolia and the Hittites for the first edition of the Cambridge Ancient History. He also wrote travel books, which are captivating and are considered among the best of their genre.

[See also Carchemish; and Ephesus.]

Bibliography

  • Hogarth, David G., ed. Authority and Archaeology, Sacred and Profane: Essays on the Relation of Monuments to Biblical and Classical Literature. New York and London, 1899.
    Includes an introductory essay by Hogarth on the enterprise of archaeology.
  • Hogarth, David G. Excavations at Ephesus: The Archaic Artemesia. London, 1908.
  • Hogarth, David G. Carchemish: Report on the Excavations at Djerabis, vol. 1, Introductory. London, 1914.
  • Hogarth, David G. Hittite Seals. Oxford, 1920.
  • Hogarth, David G. The Wandering Scholar. London and New York, 1925.
    Combines two earlier travel books. Hogarth's vivid and lively descriptions of life on the road and in the field are important resources for the history of Near Eastern archaeology.
  • Hogarth, David G. Kings of the Hittites. Oxford, 1926.
  • Kaplan, Robert D. The Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite. New York, 1993.
    Traces the history of American and British diplomacy in the Near East, including the roles played by scholars serving as military officers.
  • Sayce, A. H. “David George Hogarth, 1862–1927.” Proceedings of the British Academy 13 (1928): 379–383.
    A colleague's brief tribute to the life and work of Hogarth.

Kathryn E. Slanski