False statements and accusations are sternly forbidden in the OT (Lev. 6: 2 f.; Jer. 14: 14; Hos. 12: 1), though David is recorded as lying to Saul (1 Sam. 20: 6). In the NT Satan is called the ‘father of lies’ (John 8: 44) and Christians are forbidden to tell falsehoods (Col. 3: 9). Paul held that paganism was rooted in falsehood (Rom. 1: 18), as is denial of the Messiahship of Jesus (1 John 2: 22).