There is plenty of limestone in Palestine, and lime was made by heating this in a kiln (Isa. 33: 12). It could be used to make plaster to cover large stones (Deut. 27: 2) and create a smooth surface. Amos (Amos 2: 1) condemned the Moabites for burning the bones of the king of Edom to lime—i.e. his total destruction.