The word occurs only in 1 John (2: 18, 22; 4: 3) and 2 John 7, where it stands for opponents of the Church, though the idea of the supreme enemy of Christ appears elsewhere—e.g. in 2 Thess. 2: 1–12, where ‘that man of sin’ (AV), ‘the lawless one’ (NRSV), is said to be expected before the Parousia could take place, and here has been identified with the Roman Empire or an emperor (Nero?). Beyond the historical dimension, antichrist is a symbol for ongoing revolt against Christ until the Final Judgement—though the revolt is embodied in particular historical persons, such as Judas Iscariot.