Territory in NE of Greece. Its rulers Philip II and Alexander III (‘the Great’) created an empire from Egypt to India, and Greek culture spread throughout the world. Alexander died in 323 BCE and the empire fell apart. In 148 BCE the Romans established Macedonia as a province with a capital at Thessalonica. They built a great road, the Via Egnatia, to Byzantium in Asia Minor, and this must have been invaluable to Paul (Acts 16: 11–17: 1). Paul's visits to Macedonia are mentioned in his correspondence (1 Thess. 2: 2; 2: 17–3: 2; Phil. 4: 15–16; and also 2 Cor. 2: 13; 7: 5).