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Melchizedek

Source:
A Dictionary of the Bible What is This? Contains accessibly written entries for topics covering the religious, historical, and social aspects of the Bible.

    Melchizedek

    King of Salem (Jerusalem). After Abraham's victory over Chedorlaomer he was greeted by Melchizedek (Gen. 14: 17 ff.) and in return was given a tenth of the captured booty. Described as ‘priest of God most High’ who brought out bread and wine, Melchizedek became a powerful model in subsequent Hebrew and Christian tradition. David inherited Melchizedek's dynasty (Ps. 110: 4) and Christ inherited his high priesthood, which is superior to that of the Levitical priesthood (Heb. 5: 6 ff.; 6: 19–7: 28). From about 200 CE Melchizedek's offering of bread and wine was taken as prefiguring the Christian Eucharist.

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