The seven‐branched candelabrum which became the symbol of Judaism (Exod. 25: 37) was visible in the outer part of the second temple. It was carried among the loot from Jerusalem during the triumphal march of Titus in Rome in 70 CE and was then exhibited in a pagan temple along with the table for the showbread. The menorah was depicted on the Arch of Titus.

There is a much admired painting in Oxford entitled Menorah (1993) by Roger Wagner which combines the tradition of Christian iconography with the shocking outrage of modern anti‐Semitism (the Shoah).