One of the OT Minor Prophets. Micah came from the countryside to Jerusalem during the reign of Hezekiah (Jer. 26: 18) and was a contemporary of Isaiah. The main part of the book appears to derive from about 720 to 700 BCE and is a denunciation of the wrongdoing in the nation, especially by the ruling classes. Mic. 6: 8 is often quoted as the great summary of prophetic teaching. Injustice will bring God’s punishment in the form of military disasters; Micah had the Assyrian threat in mind. It is probable that there are interpolations from a later generation: 7: 1–7 has a different style, 7: 8–10 seems to suppose the destruction of the nation by the Babylonians (early 6th cent.), and 7: 11–20 could have in mind the Return from Exile, and the rebuilding of the walls and the Temple. Mic. 5: 2 is interpreted by Matt. 2: 6 and Mic. 5: 15 suggests a universal and ongoing context for its readership. ‘The nations’ have been addressed (1: 2; 5: 15) and injustices condemned; but for them too there is a promise of pardon and compassion (7: 18).