A post‐exilic patriot and hero. Although an OT book bears his name, little is known of him. He was said to be the cup‐bearer of King Artaxerxes I of Persia, by whom he was appointed governor of Judah about 445 BCE. He supervised the rebuilding of the walls wide enough for two or three people to walk abreast, then returned briefly to Persia (Neh. 5: 14), and then came back to Jerusalem (Neh. 13: 7).