Wide‐ranging term covering holes for burials (2 Sam. 18: 17) and traps (Ps. 7: 15), as well as the abode both of the dead (Job 33: 18) and of the devil (Rev. 9: 1, 20: 3). The owner of a pit who failed to cover it would be liable to pay compensation (Exod. 21: 33–4) in the event of an accident.