The belief that over all the vicissitudes of mankind and the evolution of the universe there is a conscious purpose of God for good. There is a reason, however opaque, for everything. God is responsible not only for making but also for preserving the created order, and history is a process moving ever onwards towards an end, which God foresees (Ps. 104: 31–3). In the NT the providence of God is demonstrated above all in Jesus, who is the guarantor that promises of God from of old are being fulfilled and will lead to salvation for mankind (1 Pet. 1: 3–9).