The sea which divides Africa from Arabia, and always an important trade route. Solomon kept a naval force at Eziongeber (1 Kgs. 9: 26–8; 10: 11, 22) more successfully than Jehoshaphat (1 Kgs. 22: 48), whose ships were wrecked there.

The ‘Red Sea’ which the Israelites crossed after leaving Egypt is properly translated ‘Sea, or Lake, of Reeds’ and may refer to the marshes of Lake Timsah which are now part of the Suez Canal (Exod. 14: 18). See exodus.