Son of Elkanah and Hannah (1 Sam. 1). He was promised by his mother to the service of the Lord at Shiloh, where he grew up. He became a national leader (1 Sam. 7: 13–14) and judge (1 Sam. 7: 15–17), and anointed Saul as the first king of Israel. After his death, his ghost was invoked by Saul, who hoped to hear from him a prediction of victory over the Philistines (1 Sam. 28).