A literal translation of the Greek noun, which means something which causes offence, such as the Cross, which is a ‘scandal’ to the Jews (1 Cor. 1: 23). Satan was a ‘scandal’ to Jesus in tempting him to sin (Matt. 16: 23). Modern theologians have spoken of the ‘scandal’ (offensiveness) of the uniqueness of Jesus. More often the word is used today of the disasters caused to a community by unacceptable behaviour of its members.