Hebrew term for the lower parts of the earth or underworld to which the departed were thought to be consigned (Prov. 9: 18). There they continued in gloomy insubstantiality (Ecclus. [= Sir.] 17: 27–8) which was foreshadowed by the deep depressions in present existence. Therefore restoration to health and vitality was a cause of thankfulness to the Lord (Ps. 30: 3).