Latin for ‘the received text’ and applied to the 1550 Greek edition of the NT, largely the work of Erasmus of Rotterdam (1516). It was the text in general use until the 19th cent. and underlay the AV of 1611. However, the wealth of discoveries and the development of textual criticism made other editions of the Greek NT imperative. Westcott and Hort provided an updated Greek NT on which the RV of 1881 was based. The textus receptus of the Hebrew OT refers to the Second Rabbinic Bible published in Venice in 1524 CE.