Greek for ‘lover of God’; the person to whom the third gospel (Luke 1: 3) and the Acts (1: 1) are dedicated; someone of distinction who might have been the author's patron, who helped him with the publication of the two volumes, and very probably he was already a Christian. Luke writes to strengthen his faith, and through him all future readers. However, some scholars have thought the name was merely a pseudonym; and others note that there was a Theophilus who was high priest serving in the Temple between 37 and 41 CE.