It is not easy to discover the criteria for distinguishing ‘cities’, ‘towns’, and ‘villages’ in the Bible, especially as English translations vary. Bethlehem is a ‘town’ (Judg. 17: 8, NRSV, NJB) but a city in AV, RV, REB. Perhaps, in general, cities were fortified and larger. However, urban centres as big as Ephesus had officials translated as ‘town clerk’ (Acts 19: 35). Jesus is said to have gone through both towns and villages (Luke 13: 22); but Paul, townsman par excellence, does not seem to have been interested in rural ministry.