English NT scholar, Provost of the Queen's College, Oxford, killed in an air crash, 1937. His Four Gospels (1924) remained for a long time the classical exposition of the view, first propounded by C. Lachmann in 1835, that Mark was the earliest gospel, that Matthew and Luke both made use of a source designated by the symbol Q, and that in the case of Luke this source was first combined with his own material (a first draft of the gospel, ‘Proto-Luke’) and later supplemented by the use of Mark.