A theologically imprecise term used by modern insurers to describe a natural disaster; it indicates that not all events have human causes, and human responsibilities. Cf. Luke 13: 4.

In the two decades after the Second World War ‘Biblical Theology as Recital’ was epitomized by the theme of God who Acts, especially by the American scholar G. Ernest Wright of Chicago: a reaction against neglect of study of the OT described as like ‘eating a large crab which turns out to be mostly shell’. Rather, the faith of the OT was utterly unique and an indispensable prelude to the Church's gospel. God is known by what he has done; the OT is history interpreted by faith.