A literary device used in rhetoric and in poetry to designate the inversion of an order of words, phrases, or rhyming which follow subsequently in the material. It can be represented by the Greek letter χ (khi, ch) or the symbols a, b, c; c, b, a. In the OT it is found in the psalms. In the NT chiasmus is used by Paul; for example Rom. 10: 9 f., 1 Cor. 7: 3, and in 1 Cor. 15: 12 ff. And when the gospels are seen as sophisticated literary constructions, chiasmus has been detected in the order of narratives, as when the temptations of Jesus in Luke 4: 3, 7, 9 seem to be taken up and somehow answered by the miracles in Luke 4: 29–30; 4: 35, 36; and 5: 6. Those of Luke's readers who have eyes to see thus perceive that Jesus is the Son of God. It is suggested that the structure of Matthew has a chiasmic form: the Sermon on the Mount at the beginning is answered by the final discourse (24–5); 10 is related to 18; and 13 is in the middle.