Implied as the human quality opposite to cowardice (Ecclus. [= Sir.] 2: 12 f.) and mentioned positively (Wisd. 8: 7) and exemplified in the Maccabean martyrs (1 Macc. 9: 10). In the NT it is allied with the confidence that comes from trust in God (Heb. 13: 6), who raised Christ from death (John 16: 33; Acts 23: 11).