An utterance intended to harm. Because Israel had been chosen by God and there was a covenant relationship, the nation could be cursed if it was unfaithful (Deut. 30: 19; Lev. 26: 14–45). Individuals could also be cursed e.g. thieves (Judg. 17: 2) or mutinous soldiers (1 Sam. 14: 24). In the parable of Matt. 25: 41 ff. the cursed are those who have been met by Christ and have refused to welcome him. But in Gal. 3: 13 Paul quotes Deut. 21: 23 and explains that Christ became a curse for us by taking upon himself the plight of those who live under the curse of the Law, and so redeeming them.