A symbol of innocence (Matt. 10: 16) and a messenger of promise since a dove is said to have brought an olive leaf (Gen. 8: 12) to Noah. Poor people were allowed to offer doves for sacrifice in place of a more expensive victim (Lev. 12: 8). The dove was the symbol for the Spirit at Jesus' baptism and this passage in the gospels would evoke in believers' minds an association of their own baptism when they received the Spirit as they emerged from the water and were rescued into the Church (1 Peter 3: 20–21). In the Bible the dove is not in itself a symbol of peace.