A Greek word (found in the LXX but not in NT) meaning ‘explanation’. It refers nowadays to commentary on the biblical text to elucidate obscurities and to relate one word or verse or section to others in order to define exact meanings. Modern exegesis therefore makes use of textual criticism and linguistic expertise as well as historical and literary disciplines and can also make use of archaeological discoveries. Mistakes in any of these areas could result in false exegesis, as was the case with exegesis of Jesus' parables about the kingdom of God as long as the Kingdom continued to be identified with the Church.