Foxes were common in Palestine, and Ezekiel lambasts false prophets as foxes (AV; ‘jackals’, NRSV, REB, NJB), that is, scavengers who hope to profit from the ruin of the nation (Ezek. 13: 4). In the NT the fox is not so much a symbol of slyness, or cunning, as in modern parlance, but is despised as being worthless and insignificant, which is what Jesus means by calling Herod Antipas a fox (Luke 13: 32).